“KNOW ABOUT CERVICAL CANCER”
KNOW ABOUT CERVICAL CANCER
What is cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is cancer of mouth of uterus.
How common is it?
It is most common cancer of females in India.
When should I visit a gynaecologist to rule out cervical cancer?
If you are having copious foul smelling white discharge, post-coital bleeding, post-menopausal bleeding or intermenstrual bleeding.
What causes cervical cancer?
It is caused by a virus known as Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
How is HPV transmitted?
Spreads via skin-to-skin genital contact, deep penetration is not mandatory.
Does condom gives protection against HPV?
As HPV can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and deep penetration is not mandatory for its spread, so condom is not protective.
Is circumcision of male partner is protective against cervical cancer?
Yes, as circumcised males harbour less virus.
What are the risk factors for cervical cancer?
Early coitus, multiparity, less gap between two conceptions, multiple sexual partners, poor hygiene, poor socioeconomic status, smoking and drug abuse like alcohol, lack of immunity, women having STD’s.
Can warts lead to cancer of cervix?
Warts are benign .That means these are caused by low risk viruses that are not known to cause cancer.
Can cervical cancer be prevented?
Yes, it can be prevented.
What are the methods of prevention of cervical cancer?
Screening and vaccination.
What is screening?
Screening is method of detection of cancer at an early stage. In early stages if detected then treatment is possible and effective.
What are the screening methods used for cervical cancer detection?
Most common and cost effective method is Pap smear screening. Other methods are costly: LBC, HPV and Colposcopy.
Can cervical cancer be prevented through vaccination?
Yes, it can be prevented through vaccination against HPV.
Key words: Cancer, Cervix, HPV, Prevention, Screening.
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