Know your health through your menstrual cycle
A woman is a beautiful creature of God who can give birth to a new being. Each month, her body gets prepared for pregnancy. One of the ovary sheds an egg. It gets fertilized with the sperm. After that it gets embedded in the uterus and a woman gets pregnant. For implantation, the lining of the uterus undergoes a series of changes. If the egg doesn’t get fertilized, the lining is shed through the vagina and you get your menses.
The length of a menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of your cycle to the first day of the next. A normal menstrual cycle comes at regular interval. However, in the initial few years when menses start, they may be irregular. As you age, a regular pattern gets established. Your regular cycles can come at as short interval as 21 days or as long as 35 days. They usually last for 2-7 days.
It’s important that you keep a track of your menstrual cycle pattern. Within a range, “normal” is what’s normal for you. Tracking your menstrual cycle can help you detect any abnormality or disease in time as “A stitch in time saves nine”.
Keep a note of your cycle length. Record the flow. Has it become lighter than usual or you have started using more pads than usual. Keep a note of any pain associated with the cycle. Whether it has been worsening? If there is any bleeding in between the cycles or after the intercourse. Pay attention to any mood changes around the time of menses.
There can be many reasons of the menstrual irregularities. If you’ve missed your periods, it could be pregnancy. If that is not the case, you might be having some hormonal problems. It could be some disorder of the thyroid or you might be having polycystic ovary syndrome. A change in eating habits or excessive physical activity or stress might be another possibility. It could be due to premature ovarian failure. In these females, the ovaries stop functioning before time and their menses stop at a much younger age
Your menstrual problems may be due some infection of the reproductive organs. There might be fibroids or polyps in the uterus which are non- cancerous growths of the uterus. In some cases, it can be due to cancerous changes in the cervix (mouth of the uterus) or in the uterus itself.
Remember, by keeping a track over your menstrual cycle, you can find out what’s normal for you and what isn’t. Talk to your health care provider when you have some concerns about your menstrual cycle.